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Georgia Physician and Physician Assistant Professions Data Book

In 2010, the latest year for which data are available, Georgia ranked 39th in the ratio of doctors per 100,000.


From 2000 to 2010, Georgia experienced an overall population growth of 18.3% and the physician growth was 26.0% during that same period outpacing most states. However, there was only a 14.5% increase in primary care doctors.

In 2010, the latest year for which data are available, Georgia’s Physician workforce is retiring earlier which further magnifies a near future shortage in physicians. There is a steady increase in physicians practicing over the age of 50, nearing retirement. Moreover, approximately 10.5% of physicians indicated plans to retire in the next five years.


From 2000 to 2010, there has been no appreciable increase in primary care physicians in the state of Georgia. The implementation of Health Care Reform includes improving access to healthcare to an estimated 25 million newly insured individuals. With the combination of the Health Care reform and the aging physician workforce, the gap between supply and demand continue to grow.


Final Report of the Senate Study Committee on the Shortage of Doctors and Nurses in Georgia, 2007

  • Georgia is ranked as the 9th most populous state with forecasts of nearly 3 million additional residents by year 2020.
  • The elderly population is expected to increase from 9.6% to 15.9 percent of the total population in 2030.
  • “Therefore, our state must respond to the impending shortages and build a sufficient medical workforce to meet the increased needs of the growing, aging population.”
  • In 2007, Georgia ranked 40th in the ratio of doctors/physicians to population ratio and 44th for primary care physicians.
  • It is estimated that Georgia will experience 2,500 physician shortage by the year 2020.
  • Nationally, the American Medical Colleges has recommended that all medical schools increase their enrollment by 30% by the year 2015.

Fix the primary care shortage before it’s a crisis – published article on January 23, 2014

  • Although there is an increase in medical school enrollment for the 5 Georgia Medical schools, there has not been comparable increases in residency opportunities within the state of Georgia (this may be due to the national cap on residency slots). Research informs us that medical professionals stay within 30 to 60 miles where they received training. In 2011, only 15.8% of Georgia’s first-year residency slots were filled by Georgia medical school graduates.
  • Ranked at 39th in the nation for physician to patient ratio equates to only 200 physicians for every 100,000 people.


Georgia: Projecting Primary Care Physician Workforce

  • “The Triple Aim envisions primary care as an integrating component working across its three goals of improving the quality of care, improving health of populations, and reducing per capita health care costs.”


  • Due to the pressures exerted on Georgia from an expanding population, projected elderly population increase and increase in Georgians covered by insurance a 38% increase of the state’s current practicing PCPs is the estimated requirement for 2030.


Projecting the Supply and Demand for Primary Care Practitioners through 2020; In Brief

  • Based on current trends and patterns, it is expected that the number of PCPs in 2020 is an 8% increase, falling short of the 14% estimated increase in PCP demand in 2020.
  • Fortunately, the projection for the increase in NPs and PAs will help to alleviate the strain on the PCP workforce significantly, still leaving a demand of greater than 6,000 physicians.

GAs PCP Shortage

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Lack of Licensure for Natural Health Providers

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Exploding chronic illness incidence in Georgia

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